What is ACIDITY (ACID REFLUX)?
Acid Reflux, ordinarily known as Acidity is a condition where bile or stomach acids stream once again into our throat or food line and cause aggravation. Acid reflux occurs when the fermented fluid of the stomach goes in reverse into the throat. It is a common digestive condition creating a burning sensation in the lower chest area. It often occurs after a hearty meal. Acid reflux is known as gastroesophageal reflux or GERD.
What is GERD? GERD happens when a substance from your stomach moves up into your throat. It is otherwise called acid regurgitation or gastroesophageal reflux. It can cause indications such as a burning chest called heartburn. If acid reflux indications happen more than two times every week, you may have heartburn sickness, otherwise called gastroesophageal reflux infection (GERD).
Causes of Acidity or Acid Reflux
Let’s look at the three main factors that lead to Acidity or GERD- They are:
1. Poor or slow clearance of food from the stomach
Poor clearance of acid or food from the stomach can be due to eating large meals at once or lying down early after eating meals. Obesity is also an important reason. Slow clearance of food from the stomach can be caused by various reasons like
- Eating large meals
- Being overweight or obese
- Eating a heavy meal
- Snacking close to bedtime
All these habits lead to the retention of food in your stomach for longer periods and more chances of the acidic contents of your stomach to regurgitate into your esophagus.
2. Delayed stomach emptying
Delayed stomach emptying is also known as Gastroparesis, and one of the most common causes that lead to Delayed stomach emptying is Diabetes. It can also be caused due to pregnancy as the uterus can push against the bowel and stomach leading to partial mechanical obstruction. Other causes include
- lack of thyroid hormone( hypothyroidism)
- Viral stomach infections
- Medications such as narcotics
- It can also happen in diseases like Parkinson’s disease and Multiple sclerosis.
3. Too much acid in the stomach
The third main factor that leads to Acid reflux diseases is much more common than the previous two and that is Excessive production of acid in your stomach. The most common causes that increase to Excessive production of acid in your stomach are: Click the link to know causes and symptoms of Acidity | Acid Reflux